On the one hand
protected under permanent employees, the other the mass of precarious: the segmentation of the French labor market has dramatically increased over the last thirty years. This is shown by a chapter of the study "Employment and Wages", published Wednesday by the Insee1. In 1982, almost half of new hires were made in CDI. In 2011, this share fell to 5%! However, the proportion of casual workers in the private sector workforce has not exploded: 13% of employees were "atypical employment" in 2011, that is to say, term contracts, temporary, subsidized contracts and learning, against 5% in 1982
The contradiction is only apparent and is due to the fact that recruitment is on a temporary contract and temporary are for periods of shorter and shorter. In 2011, the average contract length in "special form of employment" was a month against three months in 1982. Therefore, the signatures of contract and temporary CSD have increased (eg a company signing three contracts a week, instead of a three weeks) and accounted for an increasing share of hires. A level of uncertainty
which has worsened
This is the same phenomenon that explains the fivefold rotation of manpower. In 2011, 100 employees present at any one time, there was an average of 177 inputs and outputs of a year, a turnover rate of 177%. In 1982, the rate was only 32%. In other words, employees in an unstable position saw their level of insecurity worsened over the past thirty years.
Worse, it's always the same people who suffer difficulties. "The unstable jobs are a trap for those who occupy them," writes INSEE low interest rate personal loans. In 2011, only 22% of people who had term contracts, temporary or training, were on permanent a year later. In 1982, the rate exceeded 50% … The few young graduates are particularly affected by this dual system. A
thirty years, their turnover rate is still very high (261%), much more than their counterparts graduates (77%). But insecurity has also increased in the elderly. 5% of people over 55 were in CSD between 2007 and 2011 (and 8% over 60 years), against 2% between 1990 and 1994, and 27% of seniors in CSD had from 2007 to 2011, a contract of less than one month. Palme
precariousness in artistic circles
Precarious focuses on trades and professional sectors: handlers, professional arts and entertainment, employee of the hotels and restaurants. And while the rate of rotation was already strong in these areas in 1990, it was increased fivefold since. The creation of the CSD to use, leading to the conclusion of successive fixed-term contracts in certain professions, accentuated the phenomenon. The palm of insecurity comes to the arts: in the arts and entertainment, one-third of employees have a contract of just over a week! We better understand the crisis intermittents2 …
It is clear that nothing has been done seriously in recent years to fight against this dual labor market French. The employers propose to address them, to relax the conditions for termination of CDI 3. The unions, in contrast, require that CDD 4soient taxed more (one step, but little has been done in this direction in 2013). Meanwhile, both remained in these positions and the situation becomes encysted.A person can access the Internet for life insurance rates or can directly communicate with companies that offer appropriate policies.